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statsmodels.stats.power.TTestPower.power

TTestPower.power(effect_size, nobs, alpha, df=None, alternative='two-sided')[source]

Calculate the power of a t-test for one sample or paired samples.

Parameters:

effect_size : float

standardized effect size, mean divided by the standard deviation. effect size has to be positive.

nobs : int or float

sample size, number of observations.

alpha : float in interval (0,1)

significance level, e.g. 0.05, is the probability of a type I error, that is wrong rejections if the Null Hypothesis is true.

df : int or float

degrees of freedom. By default this is None, and the df from the one sample or paired ttest is used, df = nobs1 - 1

alternative : string, ‘two-sided’ (default), ‘larger’, ‘smaller’

extra argument to choose whether the power is calculated for a two-sided (default) or one sided test. The one-sided test can be either ‘larger’, ‘smaller’. .

Returns:

power : float

Power of the test, e.g. 0.8, is one minus the probability of a type II error. Power is the probability that the test correctly rejects the Null Hypothesis if the Alternative Hypothesis is true.

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