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statsmodels.stats.proportion.proportions_ztest

statsmodels.stats.proportion.proportions_ztest(count, nobs, value=None, alternative='two-sided', prop_var=False)[source]

test for proportions based on normal (z) test

Parameters:

count : integer or array_like

the number of successes in nobs trials. If this is array_like, then the assumption is that this represents the number of successes for each independent sample

nobs : integer

the number of trials or observations, with the same length as count.

value : None or float or array_like

This is the value of the null hypothesis equal to the proportion in the case of a one sample test. In the case of a two-sample test, the null hypothesis is that prop[0] - prop[1] = value, where prop is the proportion in the two samples

alternative : string in [‘two-sided’, ‘smaller’, ‘larger’]

The alternative hypothesis can be either two-sided or one of the one- sided tests, smaller means that the alternative hypothesis is prop < value` and larger means ``prop > value, or the corresponding inequality for the two sample test.

prop_var : False or float in (0, 1)

If prop_var is false, then the variance of the proportion estimate is calculated based on the sample proportion. Alternatively, a proportion can be specified to calculate this variance. Common use case is to use the proportion under the Null hypothesis to specify the variance of the proportion estimate. TODO: change options similar to propotion_ztost ?

Returns:

zstat : float

test statistic for the z-test

p-value : float

p-value for the z-test

Notes

This uses a simple normal test for proportions. It should be the same as running the mean z-test on the data encoded 1 for event and 0 for no event, so that the sum corresponds to count.

In the one and two sample cases with two-sided alternative, this test produces the same p-value as proportions_chisquare, since the chisquare is the distribution of the square of a standard normal distribution. (TODO: verify that this really holds)

TODO: add continuity correction or other improvements for small samples.

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